Significance of flowers in Egyptian and Roman mythology
Flowers have been enchanting people since ancient times through their delicate natural beauty and fragrance. In olden days, flowers were the most commonly exchanged gifts among both the kings and the common men in all meaningful occasions. History unravels the fact that the usage of flowers in social customs has its origin in Greece. Greek mythology first welcomed the idea of flowers to play the role of potential symbols for conveying meaning. There was mention of the flowers like Anemone, Carnation, Lily, Hyacinth, Rose, Poppy and Narcissus for bearing symbolical significance in Greek, Egyptian and Roman mythologies.
Roses, for having their passionate scarlet color and sweet fragrance, were symbolized as the flower to convey love. Till today, rose is adored as the most commonly used flower among both young and olds for carrying the message of love. In modern days, roses are also popular as birthday gifts. Lilies, for having their pure white delicate petals, were symbolized as the flower to bring purity and integrity at the beginning of a journey. Now also, white lilies are gifted voraciously on most of the marriage ceremonies and marriage anniversaries. Both anemone and hyacinth were symbolized as the sign of sorrow, or perhaps as the indicators to mourn for death of a companion. Even today, the paintings of crucifixion bear the symbolic anemones, and hyacinths are gifted to the family of the deceased on the occasion of death to convey the message of condolence.
Lotuses, on the other hand, have their origin in Asian mythologies, especially in Hindu and Buddhist mythologies. They carry a symbol of divinity, and hence, lotuses are used in all holy occasions, including worshiping the deities of God. Lotuses are also gifted on the occasion of arriving new-born babies in the family. Both yellow and orange marigolds have their mention in ancient Hindu mythology. Marigolds carry the good omen for having bright and vibrant hues. Hence, it’s mostly used for decorating the houses on all occasions of Hindu marriage ceremonies. Even, both the bride and groom exchange the garlands of marigold in their marriage to start a colorful marital life ahead. Jasmines and tuberose are pure white in color, and their fragrance keeps women happy through uplifting their mood. Hence, jasmines and tuberose are most regularly used by the married women in the Southern states of India for decorating their hair.
Post eighteenth century, Romans first celebrated the occasion of Valentine’s Day. Since then, the colors of the flowers started to play a vital role in conveying the essence of human relationships. Pink, as a polite, delicate color, represents appreciation, gratitude, and thankfulness. Yellow, as a vibrant color, represents friendliness, chattering, and excitement. White, being pure and chaste in colour, symbolizes reverence and grace. And most famously, red, being the most passionate in colour, symbolizes love, beauty, romance, and happiness. Depending on the message people wants to convey, they choose their pick of colour and gift the flowers (especially tied bunch of roses) with respective colours to their special ones.